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In this essay, the learning outcome will be how drugs and alcohol can influence sport-related violence which can lead to giving negative impact on people’s lives. The essay also discusses a little about football, racism, hooliganism, culture, and the process as well as a justification for the data sample. More importantly, as well as legal issues, relative strengths, and limitations. The main aim of the research is to discover ideas that influence individuals to cause harm and violence. A study will illustrate how can drugs negatively affect a person’s life. The research will analysis on about religions and other backgrounds. (Back, 1998) had research that in football grounds which is one of the largest public areas, Millwall expresses racism to other people which has been a widespread discussion during the past two decades within the media. The research also reviews how society thinks about football as well as if the fans are creating problems for society and breaking the by-law. The definitions of ontology, methodology, and epistemology support the positivist, interpretive, or critical fundamental approach. Moreover, to explain its importance, also analyze both benefits and disadvantages as well as an example of how which kind of method you can do your research. It also includes famous philosophical such as Lakatos, Durkheim and to finish off with a conclusion.

Literature Review

This study (Pitti, 2019) has emphasized how female fans must manage with more abandoned environment influenced by sexist views and sexist behavior related to culture. In my opinion, I agree with this author because whenever there is a football match there are more men than women and some men may think only men should support football, not women. (Pope, 2017) the sociological study has analyzed that “drunken, destructiveness, a rampage of uncontrolled masculine passion that is unleashed in response to sports victory or defeat”. This quote suggests that no matter what if the support fans team wins or loses they will still drink alcohol. However, men consume too much alcohol as well as women on the day of football events, and around “36% drank 5 or more drinks 4 or more for females” which leads to being intoxicated very heavily during the game which can lead to the change of behaviors (Glassman, 2010). I believe women should stay at home or sit in a safer place in the stadium when there are big football matches because they would be much safer. This is because when men get heavily intoxicated they get aggressive towards other fans who are supporting the other team. Besides, the football stadium could have a section of inside stadium seating for only women and a high fence which can be built around the section the women that will keep them much safer so that other fans can not throw anything such as a smoke bomb or flare.

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Drugs in football had a major negative effect on football supporters. (Ayres, 2012) has research that cocaine and alcohol are used together which leads the fans to certainly be depraved. The author also says Violence is associated with drugs by football fans on match days, but like a lot of etiology, the analysis expands beyond its initial aim to involve the growth of violence by football firms in the nighttime. Another study said that 89% of fans show a drop in violent activity from the 1980s, with 56% of a fan showing a decrease in violent behavior from the 1980s, indicating the Home Office 2013 study showing a continuing long-term drop-in football fan abuse in England and Wales. Furthermore, I think this is a positive factor because this decreases the violence in football which leads to fewer people getting affected (Cleland, 2016). This article (Frosdick, 2013) has research that compared to the upper classes, the social class people drink differently, and the middle class tolerates the drinking problem because of the basis of respect, whereas the lower-class people see it as offensive.

(Rodgers, 1999) has research that gangs of youth, drugs, and abuse are frequently related together. The key correlation is that the use of marijuana by young people is cocaine, which usually has a major effect on young people and can cause individual acts of violence. This is another influence in football as well because it affects their actions when young people take drugs before the match, which causes them to swear during the match and be anti-social after the match outside the football stadium. Sometimes young people also drink, and take drugs because they see their friends drinking and they feel left out because they do not feel they are part of the friendship group. (Bebber, 2015) the study examines the violence and racism in British football and shows that from the late 1960s fears about race politics, and class relations which challenged through violence in racist aggression at football matches. Furthermore, some fans are racist to the player on the football pitch for example when a certain player has not played well during the season when the player is about to take a corner the opposite team will get aggressive and say racist comments which leads football player to get upset and lead the football pitch. Furthermore, sometimes fans can take too many drugs and alcohol which causes football fans can get violent which can lead the fans to go onto the football pitch and harm the football player. (Beck, 2003) study analyses that the media suggests that Drugs, alcohol, and racism are a cause of violence. He also suggests religion because in Islam alcohol and drugs are forbidden because alcohol and drugs can cause harm and side effects in the long term and short term. However, in the early years of Islam alcohol was allowed but after years it was banned because people got intoxicated which led to a change in behavior (Phillips, 2014).

Research Methodology

A study (Stough, 1969) defines epistemology as the Greek word episteme which means knowledge or understanding which no longer means science or study so in a philosophical context epistemology is the study of knowledge in general, and examples of philosophical epistemological questions are What does knowledge mean? and how does a person get to know something? and what is the basis for true knowledge? what is knowledge? However, justified true belief means that a person must be able to justify the claim the right itself must be true and the person must also actually believe in it for example if a person says I know people have walked on the moon for this to be true knowledge it must be possible to justify that claim it must also be a fact so finally, the person must also actually believe that people have walked on the moon. To justify the belief was done by using actual evidence such as a video or a picture. It also should be logical and reasonable what time is it in two major split of philosophical epistemology and the rationalism of experiment which is true knowledge is primarily found on effort from our census of the experiential world around us and it is important to refer to experience and observation which belief and claim which should be justified (Markie, 2004). The main aim is for sources for new knowledge of rationalism which emphasizes reason rather than experience and observations as the primary basis for justifying beliefs and claims, therefore, the rational advanced rationalism and the logical human mind are the source for new knowledge not the material world around us so according to rationalism, research results are verified primarily by reasoning in a non-philosophical context we’ve seen the use of the concept of epistemology and this is because of the task of creating new knowledge (Tennis, 2008).

The methodology is a study of a background field study which includes the theoretical analysis of the body methods and principles linked with a section of knowledge typically it includes concepts such as a model theoretical model phases and quantitative or qualitative techniques (Woods, 1980). However, according to (Karenga, 2006) methodology does not set out to provide a solution it is therefore not the same as a method instead the methodology offers the theoretical support for understanding which method set of methods their best practices can be applied to a specific case for example to analyze a complete result which has been clear also as follows the analysis of the principles of simple rules and positive working by a discipline of the accurate study of methods can be or has been applied within a discipline to study or explanation of methods and the methodology is one main of the most important parts of your idea it allows readers to evaluate the consistency. For example, you can explain methodology by the study (Binder, 1998) saying learning is a study of the beginning, the nature of everyday problems, and the limits of human brain knowledge. It is natural when a human mind cannot understand a certain idea and try to understand what is it. How do we know? What knowledge do we get? Of the topic (Horodecka, 2017).

According to (Antwi, 2015) the word ontology itself comes from two Greek “onto” which means existence or begin real, and “logia” means science or study the word ontology which is used both in a philosophical context and non-philosophical context. Furthermore, the study of (Nefdt, 2019) word ontology in a philosophical connect is the study of what exists, what is being read, and what is a real example of philosophical ontology questions could be what the fundamental parts of the world or a certain section of a study are which you can say how they have linked together to each other physical parts more real immaterialism concepts (Lawson, 2004). For example, you can say real objects such as shoes are more real than the idea of walking, and in terms of what exists what is a connection between the shoes and walking (Harman, 2018). Furthermore, the use of ontology outside philosophy is also used in social ontology is the idea to describe society and the different parts and methods within society the purpose of social ontology then could be to simply understand and describe the underlying structures. In addition, this affects individuals and groups on why is ontology important in philosophy while philosophers such as Lakatos, and Durkheim use this concept of ontology to discuss questions to build theories or models that can two together and consequently better understand the ontological status of the world (Hannan, 2007).

Furthermore, according to (Markula, 2019) there have been two major outlets until the logical of materialism and ontological idealism of materialism from a philosophical perspective is the belief that materialist things such as a new car someone bought, luxury things such as high brands which are expensive besides that some people cannot afford it due to the low income. Another example is that a human mind believes within belief within autological materialism that reality exists regardless of a human observer and ontological idealism, alternatively, the belief is that immaterial phenomena such as the human mind are more real than material things and the belief is that reality is made in the mind of an observer moving it under the overview to the compete in a normal philosophical context ology is used in different like ontologies that description of what exists specifically within a determined field, for example, every part that exists within a certain information system and this includes the link between the parts and they discussing if the parts within the system on more than compared to the process is that take place within the system (Welty, 2001).

(Potrac, 2014) research that Interpretivism is a logical rule that holds the belief that reality and knowledge are generally made by human beings in certain the term interpretivism refers to theories about how the human mind can obtain knowledge of the world and also as the name suggests knowledge for the interpretive be sure of mostly on interpretations of the meaning that humans attached to their actions. Interpretivism is an epistemology goal position holds in difference to the basic beliefs of the positivist science. So, therefore, some people believe that positivism holds the belief that only those things or events that can be experienced directly should be the object of scientific analysis (Kroeze, 2011). So this means that for the positivist there are facts about the human world that are objectively true and that they can be discovered and understood through a scientific method in other words for the positivist there is objective knowledge out there that can be discovered by the human mind but for the interpretive, there is no objective knowledge out there waiting to be discovered again for the positivist knowledge is socially made by humans which in most cases depend on once interpretation, when taken in the social sciences and humanities research interpretivism, assumes the belief that the meaningfulness of research findings is dependent on the interpretation of the researcher here the interpretive researcher focuses on critically relating the meaning of the findings while showing how this meaning forms to make obvious outcomes again. A study by (Kolakowski, 1993) defined positivism is read more largely as a way of looking at the world from the standpoint of the scientific method, and as a philosophical rule, positivism holds the belief that only those objects or events that can be experienced directly should be an object of scientific inquiry. So, this means that positivists are facts about the human world that are objectively true and that they can be discovered and understood through a scientific method. For example, this describes why the positivists consciously escape abstract theories such as questions regarding the nature of God’s freedom and the immortality of the soul (Sample, 2010). Overall, positivism and interpretivism mean simple is that the two fundamental approaches to the study of methodology in sociology which the positives benefit quantitative scientific methods, whereas interpretive prefers qualitative humanist methods.

Research Method

Football hooliganism was reflected in 15 years of study according to (Stott and Reicher, 1998) they collective crowd psychology in late 1980 which argued that the crowd condition could be understood only as a consequence of the interaction between the crowd and other agents, especially with the police, against essentialist accounts of crowds, who understood violence in the terms of the arrangement of individuals (Stott, 2007). However, in my opinion, hooliganism violence decreased over the years of the police stopping and having security measures within the stadium. A paParticipantervation was carried out on the research method used to study the effect of sports crow behavior (Giulianotti, 1995). One positive outcome of the observation was that the observer was able to detect what people do and say, its direct method of collecting data, which would enhance the accuracy of final rules and decrease the problem of depending on other responses (Pearson, 2009).

According to the research (Coolican, 2018) laboratory method can be very effective in crimes such as murder, robbery, or even violence because it shortens the learning time, which compacts knowledge and facilitates consistency. It also helps individuals to read a certain subject such as a murder investigation which inspires the participants to read and search for evidence. Another example of sports in football using laboratory methods is that scientific evidence to justify the coerces in terms of the reaction of the biotechnical head effect, for example, in football certain fans may kick one another in the head or either football accidentally step on the football head. However, the biomedical helped the laboratory to reduce the brutality of the head affected my investigation (Shevchenko, 2005). A study (Hollway, 2000) said that a method of interviewing is another way to reach the candidate. This is because asking the candidate asking them to point off will give you an overview of the research about other people’s opinions about the study and get maximum research about the topic. However, according to (Gillham, 2000) the study interviews may be a negative way of doing research and there may be false evidence to get an interview with a viewer so they may either make it up or may not even have any understanding of the topic of the research.

The benefit of questionnaires is to improve the response data in detailed answers to close the questions and allow the responder to recognize the new problem. However, many studies have obtained such knowledge and have neglected to examine or present it (O’Cathain, 2004). However, the author has suggested that there can be a negative on doing questionnaires the person who is doing the questions may feel uncomfortable with being primarily neither qualitative nor non-quantitative data, structured questionaries may present a challenge, the potential lack of knowledge which may take longer to do the questionnaire by the participant.

According to (Smith, 2010) Inductive research method inductive research starts with a precise observation and then enhances to simplify theory also known as qualitative research is used to gain a deeper understanding of the subject research assets can be used to gain a deeper understanding of the subject or matter help to develop ideas or theory useo uncover trends in therein opinions common methods used are focused groups individual interviews an observation in inductive research so inductive research starts with observation and risk to theory is also known as qualitative reserves it develops ideas and theory (Overmars, 2007). The deductive starts with a theory which then has to conclusion directive reserves also known as quantitative research is a way of collecting numerical research or data that then can be converted into usable statistics a directive approach is aimed at testing theory common methods used in directive approach are questionnaires and service so directive research starts with theory then and to a conclusion is also known as quantitative research quantity reserves or directive reserves used statistical tools to test their theory. the differences between inductive and deductive research if we consider the purpose of to inductive approach is concerned with COVID-19 developing from the data. Furthermore, the deductive approach is aimed at testing theory if you consider start to end. so, we can see interactive research starts with observation and results. this situation on the other hand directed research starts with the proposition of theory and the result (O’Reilly, 2009).


Overall, the disadvantage within society that leads to violence is analysis taking drugs, alcohol, or being racist. Besides, the literature review involved the theories of the upper class and middle class that are based on influences on which class should not drink and have drugs. The study of positivism, idealism, materialism, interpretivism, and others are linked together. However, according to the (Mewett, 2008), the year 2004 Australian Football League and the National Rugby League began to face women’s allegations about fans acting inappropriately towards them during the games. They rewove on hooliganism plays a significant role in the sports culture, but back in the 1900s used to be worse compared to today (King, 1997). Furthermore, the methods will review which method is good to use for example interviews, laboratory, and some methods which are disadvantaged in using in research.

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