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Strong opinions of this drug called Marijuana will never be extinct for both parties of pros and cons. Cannabis and often called as Marijuana has two purposes either for medication or recreation. Thousands of decades ago, this plant was medically used around the world mainly because the innovation of medicine has not yet discovered by that time. The usage of this drug was passed from generation to generation up until the current year for it is believed to cure several health problems such as cancer, glaucoma, epilepsy, manage nausea, anxiety disorders, etc. However, heavy use of this drug often leads to Marijuana addiction which causes the user to get high and have dependence disorders with Marijuana. Though medical usage of Marijuana was legalized to some states, their government still needs enough researches and studies, at the same time several of clinical tests and trials for them to have better knowledge about its impact to patients before the legal approval of this drug.

There are well-proven benefits for relief in long-term pain. THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), a psychoactive compound in Marijuana that is responsible for its effect to humans being ‘high’, is still not properly understood but it does have some medical uses. Its anti-emetic properties are specifically useful in the treatment of cancer patients on chemotherapy as it contains specific chemicals that can kill certain types of cancer cells. THC also increases the appetite and reduces vomit response and it is also used for treating anorexia and other eating disorders. There is fair amount of evidences that Marijuana can impair lung function and increase lung capacity for those people who smoked pot daily up to 20 years.

A chemical found in Marijuana called Cannabidiol (CBD) that has anti-inflammatory, anti-pain and anti-psychotic properties may prevent cancer from spreading by turning off a gene called Id-1(Inhibitor of DNA Binding 1, a protein coding gene). There are researchers that experimented on breast cancer cells that have high expression levels of Id-1 and cannabidiol was used for treating it. The outcome was rather positive because the cells had decreased Id-1 expression and became less aggressive spreaders. Medical Marijuana can also treat different types of chronic pain such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, etc. In addition to this, it can also help control and prevent epileptic seizures. According to a study published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, a small dose of THC can slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Although Medical Marijuana can work wonders to life-threatening diseases it also has its limits whenever used, people with heart disease and with a history of psychosis, and pregnant women aren’t allowed to use it.

Marijuana may actually reduce anxiety which will improve the user’s mood if taken in low dosage, while higher dose causes opposite effects hence, should be used in moderation. This plant has been a great help in terms of curing and treating health problems such as relieving insomnia, anxiety, and pain even to the extent of life-threatening diseases and viruses such as epilepsy and cancer.

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However, like every other medicine, Marijuana also has disadvantages. The disadvantages of using Marijuana as a recreational use are that it can be damaging to our mind and body. Common side effects of prolonged use of Marijuana are anxiety, hallucinations, increased heart rate, abnormal blood pressure and troubled thinking. Ironic that Marijuana is used to treat anxiety but too much use of it can also cause anxiety. Some disadvantages that people report from using high THC cannabis products are increased of anxiety or paranoia, difficulty with remembering or focus, or sedative effects. Some research suggests that for some with specific genetic predispositions, high THC cannabis may increase risk of psychosis or distortion form reality, but it should be noted that high CBD cannabis can treat psychosis. Marijuana can be addictive as it gives you the feeling of euphoria that encourages you to use it again. The major disadvantage of using Marijuana in a country that hasn’t legalized it for medicinal use or recreational use, you may get arrested for using it as it is still considered as a drug. Using Marijuana in a high stress environment may lead you to an accident as it will make your mind overly relaxed. Teens that tends to use a Marijuana as a way of coping up with their anxiety or depression without medical personnel’s’ consent such us doctors, will make them more anxious or vulnerable, they’re also prone to abuse illegal drugs. Marijuana is said to be a “gateway drug” as it has same effects of the other illegal drugs.

People are taking Marijuana for the thought that it will make them feel euphoria and to fulfill their satisfactions. They tend to smoke and drink Marijuana until it leads to addiction. Drug Free World conducted an interview with Paul, a former user of Marijuana. He said “After seven years of using and drinking, I found myself at the end of the road with addiction. I was no longer using to feel euphoria; I was just using to feel some semblance of normality.” This interview shows us the reality of taking Marijuana. Marijuana greatly affects the function of our brain that causes the hallucinations, panic, and anxiety of the user. Although some evidences show that it can treat the anxiety of a person. After the long term using of Marijuana some people tend to not feel the euphoric feeling of taking Marijuana as it just makes them feel normal. This means just like other medicines, once the body become immune to it, its effect would not be that visible anymore. Unprescribed amount of Marijuana intake makes some of its users to feel negative about themselves and their abilities thus causing paranoia or the fear of other people. Paranoia is the intense fearful feeling of a person and it involves the thought of being in threat. Some researches show that using Marijuana can cause a long-term effect like the decline in IQ of a person, lower life satisfaction, and antisocial behavior that leads to stealing and being dishonest.

Legalization of Marijuana is a worldwide talk. Many countries do not agree on legalization of it because they do not want the risk that it offers even though it is surely helpful to improve countries’ medical state. Miss Universe 2018 Catriona Gray says that Marijuana is for medical purposes not for recreational use. Because of the recent Miss Universe 2018, Marijuana became a big talk in the Philippines. There are articles saying that Marijuana is recently legalized by President Duterte. Half of Filipinos are in favor of legalizing Marijuana for medical purpose but there are also who does not agree. Marijuana is a well-known drug that could make people high or give them unexplainable pleasure; it could cloud their mind and make them unable to think rationally. By that, Marijuana’s image for other people was tainted badly. House Bill 6517 seeks Marijuana for medical purposes. Because of the influence of Miss Universe 2018, President Duterte considers to be in favor of legalizing Marijuana in the Philippines. Even though the President recently approves, Marijuana cannot be instantly use for medication. Medical experts in Philippines must still conduct researches that would help them know and understand how Marijuana works. It would still take further and wider study to understand how to properly use it for medicine.

People these days are prone to different kind of illnesses probably because of unhealthy lifestyle and polluted surroundings. Many medicines are invented and different types of herbals are suddenly sprouting everywhere. Once people learn that a type of plant can treat several diseases, they would intake it without further more questions. This is how desperate people not to be sick and avoid a life cost treatment from hospitals. Many are desperately fighting for cancer but to no avail; it is one of an illness that cannot be easily treated. No medication for it can assure patient a hundred percent cure. Thus, the issues of Marijuana being a medical cure for different types of illness like cancer, people are still wary about it. They cannot easily consider it to be a medical treatment because of the risk that it offers even though the elders use it as a treatment thousands of decades ago because of the lack of innovation when it comes to medication. We may be completely advance when it comes to technologies and medicines; still, there are things that we cannot give solution to, unless we embrace the risk provided on the possible solution that is discovered. Many countries may not approve its legalization but it is true that Marijuana is proven used as an herbal medicine; still it can cause addiction if abused. Marijuana may give out a bad image to everyone, but we must all remember that all medicines have pros and cons. It is just like every other medicine. It has side effects and if wrongly used, may cause life threatening conditions. It is good to discover a medicine like Marijuana but people must still be responsible. Everything that is abused is bad and using anything without proper orientation will put you at risk. For legalizing this type of drug comes with huge responsibilities. It is not just a simple medicine for cough that everyone could access. This type of medicine must be only accessible by professionals to avoid using it for recreational and out of curiosity.

#heathcare #medical #medicalcare #pharmaceuticals #healthcareprofessional #nurses #healthprofessionals

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