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The Prologue of Invisible Man presents the significant subjects that characterize the remainder of the novel. The illustrations of imperceptibility and visual impairment take into consideration an assessment of the impact of prejudice on the person in question and the culprit. Since the storyteller is dark, whites won’t consider him to be a real, three-dimensional individual; thus, he depicts himself as imperceptible and portrays them as visually impaired.

Incidentally, however, he rules the novel, and the storyteller remains to some degree cloud to the peruser; most strikingly, he never reveals his name. The names that he is given in the emergency clinic and the Brotherhood, the name of his school, and even the state where the school is found all go unidentified. The storyteller stays a voice and never develops as an outer and quantifiable nearness. This lack of clarity accentuates his status as an ‘Invisible Man’ as he presents himself in the Prologue of the novel. He clarifies that his intangibility owes not to some biochemical mishap or extraordinary reason but instead to the reluctance of others to see him as he is dark. It is just as others are sleepwalkers traveling through a fantasy in which he doesn’t show up. The storyteller says that his imperceptibility can serve both as a bit of leeway and as a steady irritation. Being imperceptible now and then makes him question whether he truly exists. He portrays his anguished, yearning need to cause others to remember him, and says he has discovered that such endeavors once in a while succeed. Presently, the storyteller rests in his imperceptibility, planning for his anonymous activity. He expresses that the start of his story is the end.

The storyteller depicts himself as an ‘Invisible Man’ since he has concluded that the world is loaded with dazed men and sleepwalkers who can’t recognize the truth about him. The theme of imperceptibility infests the novel, frequently showing itself connected at the hip with the theme of blindness: one individual becomes undetectable because another is blind. The epic treats intangibility equivocally. It can bring debilitation, however it can likewise bring opportunity and portability. It is the opportunity the storyteller gets from his obscurity that empowers him to recount his story. In addition, as will be indicated later, both the veteran at the Golden Day and the storyteller’s granddad appear to support imperceptibility as a situation from which one may securely apply control over others, or if nothing else undermine others’ capacity, without being gotten. The storyteller exhibits this force in the Prologue when he truly draws upon electrical force from his concealing spot underground; the electric organization knows about its misfortunes but can’t find its source.

Visual deficiency is presumably the most significant theme in Invisible Man. It repeats all through the novel and for the most part speaks to how individuals unshakably abstain from seeing and standing up to reality. The storyteller more than once noticed that individuals’ powerlessness to perceive what they wish not to see and their failure to see what their bias doesn’t enable them to see has constrained them into an existence of successful intangibility. Be that as it may, partiality against others isn’t the main sort of visual impairment in the book. Numerous figures additionally decline to recognize realities about themselves or their networks, and this refusal develops reliably in the symbolism of visual impairment. Along these lines, the young men who battle in the ‘Battle Royale’ wear blindfolds, symbolizing their weakness to perceive their abuse on account of the white men. The Founder’s statue at the school has void eyes, implying his philosophy’s difficult disregard of supremacist substances. Visual impairment likewise harasses Reverend Homer A. Barbee, who idolizes the Founder, and Brother Jack, who is uncovered to come up short on an eye that he has dissimulated by wearing a glass eye. The storyteller himself encounters snapshots of visual impairment, for example, in Chapter Sixteen when he tends to the colored community under huge, blinding lights. For each situation, the disappointment of sight compares to an absence of knowledge.

For a great part of the story, and particularly in the sections before he joins the Brotherhood, the storyteller shows up amazingly blameless and unpracticed. His honesty keeps him from perceiving the reality behind others’ errant conduct and leads him to attempt to satisfy their misinformed desires. He remains very defenseless against the character that society pushes onto him as an African American. He assumes the job of the servile dark man to the white men in Chapter One; he plays the enterprising, uncomplaining supporter of Booker T. Washington during his school years; he consents to go about as the Brotherhood’s colored representative, which enables the Brotherhood to utilize him.

The storyteller is guiltless at the start of the novel. Invisible Man is the adventure of its storyteller from obliviousness to information and confirmation. The Invisible Man is enthusiastic and yearning and expects assurance and difficult work to locate a high spot for himself in the public eye. He is inclined to think the best of individuals in any event, when he has reason not to, and he remains reliably aware of power. The storyteller’s guiltlessness in some cases makes him misjudge significant occasions in the story, frequently making it essential for the peruser to look past the storyteller’s very own elucidation of occasions. Ellison utilizes incongruity to enable the peruser to see things that the storyteller misses.

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Three witnesses tell the storyteller that he should initially acknowledge what his identity is to ‘play the game,’ however, he neglects to grasp their signifying. He is oblivious in regards to his need to know what his identity is. The three witnesses are his granddad (a previous slave), Trueblood (a ‘field nigger’), and a veteran.

The principal cautioning originates from his granddad who said the accompanying words on his deathbed:

‘Son, after I’m gone I want you to keep up the good fight. I never told you, but our life is a war and I have been a traitor all my born days, a spy in the enemy’s country ever since I gave up my gun back in the Reconstruction. Live with your head in the lion’s mouth. I want you to overcome ‘em with yeses, undermine ‘em with grins, agree ‘em to death and destruction, let ‘em swollen you till they vomit or bust wide open’ (Ellison 16).

The main purpose of these last sentences that the white society is an adversary, isn’t such a great amount of misjudgment as set aside. The storyteller rather feels regretful and is afraid of his granddad’s words when he is remunerated by white people for his great lead. As referenced before, the storyteller’s honesty once in a while makes him misconstrue significant occasions in the story. Along these lines, he neglects to look at the noticeable idea of the white people’s endorsement.

For example, the storyteller acknowledges his grant from the brutish white men with energy and appreciation after the corruption and embarrassment that included the ‘Battle Royale’ (a realistic outline of the storyteller’s granddad’s decree that ‘life is a war’) and the holding of his discourse in Chapter One. He passes no judgment on the white man’s conduct. Here, the white man’s activities give enough proof to the peruser to impugn the men as shocking racists. While the storyteller can be to some degree inconsistent in such a manner, Ellison ensures that the peruser sees the storyteller’s visual deficiency.

Ellison accentuates the general thought of imperceptibility and visual impairment the storyteller communicates all through his encounters. These two significant motifs shape the general thought of the book and profoundly interface with one another to help show the storyteller’s voyage to wind up in a fog of perplexity.  

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