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Non-communicable diseases (NDCs) claim 40 million people each year equivalent to 70% of the mortality death rates globally and it occurs between the age of 30 and 60 years. The percentages of these premature deaths happen among the low and middle income earning countries. NDC is also known as chronic diseases which tend to be of long duration and are in a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and social behavioral factors. Among the common NDCs are the cardiovascular diseases like stroke, heart attacks, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes. It is shown that all age groups, regions and countries have people who suffer from NDC, with children, adults and the vulnerable being prone to the risk factors of infections.
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However, health findings reveal that the disease may be caused by the rapid unplanned urbanization of lives and aging populace. Despite the social factors such as modifiable lifestyle behavior, arguments, comparisons, article reviews are the source of interest that cannot escape mention in the study.
The article written by Sarah Jackson articulates that most, if not all NDCs are escalated by the lifestyle behaviors which is a growing body of evidence for disease transmission. The physical interaction which is all behind the high death rates is due to the socially contagious infections. While examining the smoking behavior and obesity in society, it is suggested that the social network does not only affect the clusters of members but also appear to spread through sociological ties.
Similarly, among social connections also shows the causes of cardiovascular risks especially high blood pressure which is influenced by social lifestyle and anxiety (Gustavo, 2017). Besides, some communicative acts may as well be infectious in that exposure to a friend’s conduct may accelerate perceptions of social norms about the acceptance of unhealthy behavior. A case in point is where two or more individuals choose to share a piece of cigarette which gives rise to non-communicable diseases. Research indicates that most people flee bad conduct for good ones (Muney, 2006).
Also, taking this condition into account, the circumstances are better to describe the scenario as a socially communicable disease. In fact, the NDCs through the social behaviors arise from the shared environmental influences especially through unhealthy food particles. As such, the chance and privilege for physical activities may as well affect couples and families. However, any counter behavior would help to check the social risks of conduct. As a result, spouses tend to improve their diet and weight loss of which affect their friends as they may choose to follow the weight loss program. Alternatively, this will seem right to reduce other behavioral forms.
Arguments Made in the Article
The statistical data that comes from over 3,722 married and cohabiting couple reveals that members aged 50 and above are involved in the English longitudinal seminar of the aging population as they communicated their smoking and physical activity status (Berkman, 2000). Meanwhile, nurses monitored weight loss and concluded that most individuals were replacing their bad behavior with good ones. The world health organization decided to help cities in preventing NDC through a global action plan.
Also, the article shows that the married people can hold each other for being accountable for such conduct and any Drawbacks. Although results can not elaborate why such NDCs are accumulating, a changing terminology could aid in describing situations. For example, cardiovascular disease and diabetes from a non-communicable perspective to a social understanding which help to draw attention towards the potential for risk reductions. Possibly, it can be done through social means and by this, it will be easier to avoid victims from returning to the old habits.
It is ascertained that the chances of individuals becoming obese are at 57% with an epidemic affecting about 60 percent of the population. In case one stands a chance of 17 percent being resistant to NDCs, then they should ensure minimum rate of association with the victims (Shutterstock, 2015). However, the statistics clarify that the correlation is not causation and the causes of obesity also originate and stem from the genetic and social factors during childhood. It is reported that most Canadian population in the world are expected to live longer, thus appreciating the modern and public medicines. For this reason, it is time to treat age as an asset and not a process of decline.
Comparison of Arguments in the Article and peer review Journal
On a similar note, both the article and the journal show a correlation in the arguments arising from non-communicable disease (Marmot, 2006). Notably, the journal on one side and the article on the other assert that NDC is commonly caused by several factors ranging from genetic inheritance, personal behavior and general environmental factors. In short, the influences of social and individual factors are both due to frequent exposure termed as generic social and ecological impact. On the contrary, the arguments in the article are systematic and real in addressing some securitized ailments while showing the actual cause of NDCs. Meanwhile, the Journal attributes the cause to the general surrounding without actually stating the type of environment and the specific disease it causes like the article attempts to illustrate.
However, this should not cause contradiction of feelings since the material, and the journal together arrive at one common goal of outlining the social factors that cause NDCs.Article Review of the Academic Discourse CriterionThe academic discourse criterion requires that the task description and procedures show a sound knowledge and understanding of the non-communicable diseases (Lancet, 2016). The article revealed that not only one country or state suffer the turmoil of NDC but it cuts across regions, population, and gender and it is most prevalent in low and middle earning countries. According to Sarah Jackson, the NDCs are initially pronounced by the social, behavioral influence which has claimed many lives ranging from the young old and the vulnerable aging groups.
For this reason, the article suggests that with encouragement and moral support, the victims of such behavior can quickly adjust and it can be much easier to limit them from drawing back to the past habits. Therefore, contagious diseases are not only infectious through contacts but also the food being shared can transmit the infection, especially among the couples. ConclusionIn summary, Non-communicable diseases are infections that cannot be avoided as long as individuals continually associate with common victims with the disease. NDC is common among the young old and vulnerable people.
The circulation of the disease among the social setting makes it hard for people to prevent since they cannot stop associating with friends and families. Further, NDCs are accelerated by the human conduct which is an extensive cause and spread of disease. However, the statistics clarify that the correlation is not causation and the causes of NDCs also originate and stem from the genetic and social factors during childhood. Canada with its big population is believed to live for longer periods due to the support and action plan of the world health organization in providing medication. For this reason, it is time to treat age as an asset and not a process of decline as explained in the essay.
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