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Brain function is what makes up the characteristics of the human person and when humans are born, their brain does not know right from wrong. Over time, people learn good and evil through experience and watching others. Their ideas of morality and what constitutes right from wrong come from the way they have been raised and the environment they have been brought up in. Humans are not born intrinsically good. Brain function is what makes up the characteristics of the human person. When people are raised they are taught how to act and what is good and bad. The brain instinctively only thinks of survival and not whether or not it is morally correct.

Physiological effects

Certain things can affect someone psychologically and even though there is treatment, there isn’t a way to get rid of that psychological trauma that has been caused. Everyone perceives situations differently, for example to one person they may be harsh and rude, and to another person, they can be firm and get their point across. This is an example of how situations change the person’s perspective, “The term psychosocial refers to the psychological and social factors that influence mental health. Social influences such as peer pressure, parental support, cultural and religious background, socioeconomic status, and interpersonal relationships all help to shape personality and influence psychological makeup.”(Staub) Everyone handles situations differently, but when a baby has a concussion can lead to mental disorders and affect how they think in situations. So that might impair their sense of morality and think good is bad and bad is good. You are not born with these instincts you gain this knowledge through your surroundings. “Individuals with psychosocial disorders frequently have difficulty functioning in social situations and may have problems effectively communicating with others.” (Staub) People can get all sorts of mental disorders, there are 200 mental disorders known. There are a lot of traumas that could affect how people think, feel, and act. Everyone has their struggles and some things can help such as talking to people about it, going to support groups, or medication can help with some of the symptoms.

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Trauma

Many other different things can cause psychosocial trauma, and counseling or support groups are usually the main treatment for people with psychosocial disorders. People go to counseling to talk about how they feel, It’s a place you can go without judgment and teach people how to solve problems healthily and live a happier life. For example “The majority of psychological disorders are thought to be caused by a complex combination of biological, genetic (hereditary), familial, and social factors or biopsychosocial influences. In addition, the role that each of these plays can differ from person to person, so that a disorder such as depression that is caused by genetic factors in one person may be caused by a traumatic life event in another.” (Bègue) People can have or get mental disorders, because of things that occured in their life, such as their mom dying and they feel like it’s their fault, which could cause depression. Another example is if a person has an abusive family and then has “Neurodevelopmental disorders are those that are typically formed during infancy, childhood, or adolescence, that means that you can have intellectual disability, communication disorders, and Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.” (Bègue) That shows why some people see counselors to talk about these situations or other problems where they can freely talk, and find helpful solutions. “Counseling is typically a front-line treatment for psychosocial disorders….Many individuals are successful in treating psychosocial disorders through regular attendance in self-help groups or 12-step programs.”(Bègue) This shows how the mental effects can be helped through, there are a lot of programs out there to help. Psychological trauma can be tied in with mental disorders.

Mental disorders

Psychological trauma causes more damage than people think. It is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a distressing event. Trauma is often the result of an overwhelming amount of stress that exceeds one’s ability to cope or integrate the emotions involved with that experience. “Until the middle of the nineteenth century, the word trauma was used primarily to designate physiological injury emanating from an external event. Beginning in the 1860s, however, the term acquired additional significance when survivors and witnesses of industrial accidents began to show symptoms of trauma in the absence of any observable physical injury.” (Bègue) It was like in World War II, men would come back and have serious cases of PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), and their sounds or actions would trigger their PTSD. They were brought back and told to live a normal life, but nobody would be normal after seeing the things they saw. “These symptoms typically included mutism, amnesia, tics, paralysis, recurrent nightmares, and, in some extreme cases, psychic dissociation. Observing a pattern that linked exposure to an overwhelming event with forms of mental disorder, doctors coined the term traumatic neurosis.” (Cherry) People with Psychological trauma have these symptoms mentioned in the quote Psychological trauma is not always caused by something big, it can be something as “simple” as stress. Psychoanalysis is a system of psychological theory and therapy which aims to treat mental disorders. They are used in therapy to help with Psychological trauma.

Psychoanalysis

There is a purpose to psychoanalysis and there are demographics to it. Psychoanalysis is investigating the interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind and bringing repressed fears and conflicts into the conscious mind through techniques such as dream interpretation and free association. “Psychoanalysis is classified as an insight-oriented rather than a supportive form of therapy because it is based on the notion that people are better able to make changes in their lives when they have improved their understanding of themselves through identifying their assumptions about life and the early life experiences that gave rise to them.” (Bègue) Therapy uses psychoanalysis to understand and try to help work through some of the traumas people go through. Psychoanalysis isn’t only used for bad traumas, you can also use it to fix problems and make better decisions. “In the words of the American Psychoanalytic Association, “Psychoanalytic treatment allows patients to examine these assumptions, understand their origins in their lives, modify them if necessary, and make better choices for themselves.”(Bègue) Psychoanalysis is helpful to understand, and get insight into what they need to work on or help improve their life.

Lord of the Flies

Lord of the Flies relates to the main topic of Are humans Intrinsically Good, it helps with the Psychological point of my paper. In lord of the Flies, the boys are stuck on the island and are forced to survive together. The book shows the psyche of the boys and what they go through on the island. They talk about how they feel, towards other people, about missing home, about their fears. “Evil is inherent in the human mind, whatever innocence may cloak it…”(Golding) This quote states their fear of the beast. But Simon a boy in the book sees the “real truth” and that the only fear they should have is them. He sees the truth on the island and he is killed by the other boys. He mentioned the fear of the beast and how the boys imagined the beast so they have an excuse to be scared on a deserted island with a bunch of boys and no adults. “The thing is – fear can’t hurt you any more than a dream.” (Golding) This quote shows exactly what Simon means about the beast. Simon was killed before he could show this perspective. This was a survival mentality, if you were weak you wouldn’t be respected the same as another boy on the island, in this case, this character was Piggy. Later in the book, Piggy’s glasses are stolen by a group that broke away from the original group. So they go to retrieve them in a good manner and he is killed during this time. This is the survival mentality anyone would do anything to survive, even if that means that you usually wouldn’t do it when you are put in a situation like that you don’t know what you would do. “He found himself understanding the wearisomeness of this life… though it were part of a brighter childhood”(Golding) “Kill the beast! Cut its throat! Spill the blood!”(Golding) These quotes show the “evil within” it shows how they have this natural feeling to hunt and kill and now see their true colors. In the end, Ralph has Piggy’s glasses on his belt and is no longer a boy now is a man. The book shows the mental struggles they face throughout the book.

Brain Function

Brain function is what makes up the characteristics of the human person and when humans are born, their brains do not know right from wrong. Over time, people learn good and evil through experience and watching others. Their ideas of morality and what constitutes right from wrong come from the way they have been raised and the environment they have been brought up in.

Conclusion

Humans are not born instinctively good. Brain function is what makes up the characteristics of the human person and when humans are born, their brains do not know right from wrong. When people are raised they are taught how to act and what is good and bad. The brain instinctively only thinks of survival and not whether or not it is morally correct.

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