Kraft textbook – Read p. 301-339 “Social Security Policy”.2. Kraft textbook -Read p. 340-379 “Education Policy”.BOOK: Kraft, M. E., Furlong, S. R., (2012). 5th Ed. Public policy: Politics, analysis, and alternatives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN-10: 1483345785 ISBN-13: 978-14833457891. What policies has the federal government enacted to address quality concerns in the U.S. K–12 system? Describe the ESEA, NCLB, and National Assessment of School Progress. Explain the proposals to reform education. 2. In 1962, the Supreme Court in Engel v. Vitale 370 U.S. 421 invalidated a state rule requiring prayer in public schools. In subsequent rulings, the Court invalidated silent prayer (See Wallace v. Jaffree, 472 U.S. 38) and the posting of the Ten Commandments (see Stone v. Graham, 449 U.S. 39) on the grounds that the policies violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. Stage 1 of the Kraft & Furlong policy process model (Kraft, Chapter 3), calls for “agenda setting” and State 5 calls for “policy evaluation”. What was the “problem” in Stage 1 that the policy makers (in this case the Supreme Court) were attempting to address, and in Stage 5, did the policy work?

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